Copyrights Terms

Authors sign an exclusive license agreement, where authors have copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to the publisher**. In this case authors have a range of rights, including:

  • The right to share or reuse their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under their choice of relevant end-user license.
  • Authors have a choice of licenses, determining how articles can be re-used. These include the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license and the Creative Commons Non-Derivative Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC-ND) license. Both licenses enable the author to copy and redistribute the article in any format. Articles may also be downloaded for text and data mining purposes, and extracts of articles may be used in other works.
  • Authors retain patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights (including research data).
  • Authors receive proper attribution and credit for the published work.